startWith

signature: startWith(an: Values): Observable

Emit given value first.


:bulb: A BehaviorSubject can also start with an initial value!


Examples

( example tests )

Example 1: startWith on number sequence

( StackBlitz | jsBin | jsFiddle )

import { startWith } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { of } from 'rxjs/observable/of';

//emit (1,2,3)
const source = of(1, 2, 3);
//start with 0
const example = source.pipe(startWith(0));
//output: 0,1,2,3
const subscribe = example.subscribe(val => console.log(val));
Example 2: startWith for initial scan value

( StackBlitz | | jsBin | jsFiddle )

import { startWith, scan } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { of } from 'rxjs/observable/of';

//emit ('World!', 'Goodbye', 'World!')
const source = of('World!', 'Goodbye', 'World!');
//start with 'Hello', concat current string to previous
const example = source.pipe(
  startWith('Hello'),
  scan((acc, curr) => `${acc} ${curr}`)
);
/*
  output:
  "Hello"
  "Hello World!"
  "Hello World! Goodbye"
  "Hello World! Goodbye World!"
*/
const subscribe = example.subscribe(val => console.log(val));
Example 3: startWith multiple values

( StackBlitz | jsBin | jsFiddle )

import { startWith } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { interval } from 'rxjs/observable/interval';

//emit values in sequence every 1s
const source = interval(1000);
//start with -3, -2, -1
const example = source.pipe(startWith(-3, -2, -1));
//output: -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2....
const subscribe = example.subscribe(val => console.log(val));

Additional Resources


:file_folder: Source Code: https://github.com/ReactiveX/rxjs/blob/master/src/internal/operators/startWith.ts

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