Lockscreen

By adamlubek

This recipe demonstrates RxJs implementation of lockscreen functionality (known for example from smartphones).

Example Code

( StackBlitz )

index.ts

/*
  Use mouse to 'swipe' across the lock pad (hold mouse button and swipe :) ).
  Pad will turn green if password is correct or red if password is incorrect.
  You can set password to whatever sequence you like.
*/
// RxJS v6+
import { from, fromEvent, Subject, merge, pipe } from 'rxjs';
import {
  switchMap,
  takeUntil,
  repeat,
  tap,
  map,
  throttleTime,
  distinctUntilChanged,
  filter,
  toArray,
  sequenceEqual,
  pluck
} from 'rxjs/operators';
import {
  displaySelectedNumbersSoFar,
  markTouchedPad,
  pads,
  resetPasswordPad,
  setResult
} from './dom-updater';

const sub = new Subject();
const expectedPasswordUpdate$ = fromEvent(
  document.getElementById('expectedPassword'),
  'keyup'
).pipe(
  map((e: any) => e.target.value),
  tap(pass => sub.next(pass.split('').map(e => parseInt(e))))
);
let expectedPassword = [1, 2, 5, 2];
const expectedPassword$ = sub.pipe(tap((v: any) => (expectedPassword = v)));

const takeMouseSwipe = pipe(
  // take mouse moves
  switchMap(_ => fromEvent(document, 'mousemove')),
  // once mouse is up, we end swipe
  takeUntil(fromEvent(document, 'mouseup')),
  throttleTime(50)
);
const checkIfPasswordMatch = password =>
  from(password).pipe(sequenceEqual(from(expectedPassword)));
const getXYCoordsOfMousePosition = ({ clientX, clientY }: MouseEvent) => ({
  x: clientX,
  y: clientY
});
const findSelectedPad = v =>
  pads.find(
    r => v.x > r.left && v.x < r.right && v.y > r.top && v.y < r.bottom
  );
const getIdOfSelectedPad = pipe(
  filter(v => !!v),
  pluck('id'),
  distinctUntilChanged()
);

const actualPassword$ = fromEvent(document, 'mousedown').pipe(
  // new stream so reset password pad and take swipe until mouse up
  tap(resetPasswordPad),
  takeMouseSwipe,
  // as we swipe, we mark pads as touchedand and display selected numbers
  map(getXYCoordsOfMousePosition),
  map(findSelectedPad),
  getIdOfSelectedPad,
  tap(markTouchedPad),
  tap(displaySelectedNumbersSoFar),
  // we need an array of numbers from current swipe which we can pass to checkIfPasswordMatch
  toArray(),
  // on mouse up (swipe end), switchMap to new stream to check if password match
  switchMap(checkIfPasswordMatch),
  tap(setResult),
  // takeUntil inside takeMouseSwipe terminated stream so we repeat from beginning (mousedown)
  repeat()
);

merge(expectedPassword$, expectedPasswordUpdate$, actualPassword$).subscribe();

dom-updater.ts

const createPadObject = (id, rectange) => ({
  id: id,
  left: rectange.left,
  right: rectange.right,
  top: rectange.top,
  bottom: rectange.bottom
});

const setResultText = text =>
  (document.getElementById('result').innerText = text);

const setPasswordPads = color =>
  Array.from(document.querySelectorAll('.cell')).forEach(
    (v: HTMLElement) => (v.style.background = color)
  );

const getPad = id => document.getElementById(`c${id}`);

export const pads = Array.from({ length: 9 }, (_, n) => n + 1).map(v =>
  createPadObject(v, getPad(v).getBoundingClientRect())
);

export const markTouchedPad = v => {
  const pad = getPad(v);
  pad.style.background = 'lightgrey';
  if (!pad.animate) return; //animate does not work in IE
  const animation: any = [
    { transform: 'scale(0.9)' },
    { transform: 'scale(1)' }
  ];
  const animationOptions = {
    duration: 300,
    iterations: 1
  };
  pad.animate(animation, animationOptions);
  document.getSelection().removeAllRanges();
};

export const setResult = result => {
  setPasswordPads(result ? 'MediumSeaGreen' : 'IndianRed');
  setResultText('Password ' + (result ? 'matches :)' : 'does not match :('));
};

export const displaySelectedNumbersSoFar = v =>
  (document.getElementById('result').textContent += v);

export const resetPasswordPad = () => {
  setResultText('');
  setPasswordPads('gray');
};
html
<style>
  .grid {
    border-spacing: 2px;
  }
  .cell {
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background: grey;
    display: table-cell;
    border-radius: 50%;
    transform: scale(0.5);
    text-align: center;
    vertical-align: middle;
    color: white;
  }

  .pulse div {
    animation-name: pulse;
    animation-duration: 2s;
    animation-iteration-count: infinite;
  }

  @keyframes pulse {
    from { transform: scale(1); }
    50% { transform: scale(0.99); }
    to { transform: scale(1); }
  }
</style>

Expected Password:
<input id="expectedPassword" value="1252"/>
<hr/>
Password:
<div class="grid pulse">
  <div>
    <div class="cell" id="c1">1</div>
    <div class="cell" id="c2">2</div>
    <div class="cell" id="c3">3</div>
  </div>
  <div>
    <div class="cell" id="c4">4</div>
    <div class="cell" id="c5">5</div>
    <div class="cell" id="c6">6</div>
  </div>
  <div>
    <div class="cell" id="c7">7</div>
    <div class="cell" id="c8">8</div>
    <div class="cell" id="c9">9</div>
  </div>
</div>

<div id="result"></div>

Operators Used

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